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Reptile and Amphibian Encyclopedia > Lizards > Chameleons

Chameleons

Chameleons (family Chamaeleonidae) are a distinctive and highly specialized clade of lizards. They are distinguished by their parrot-like zygodactylous feet, their separately mobile and stereoscopic eyes, their very long, highly modified, and rapidly extrudable tongues, their swaying gait, and the possession by many of a prehensile tail, crests or horns on their distinctively shaped heads, and the ability of some to change color. Uniquely adapted for climbing and visual hunting, the approximately 160 species of chameleon range from Africa, Madagascar, Spain and Portugal, across south Asia, to Sri Lanka, have been introduced to Hawaii, California and Florida, and are found in warm habitats that vary from rain forest to desert conditions.

Chamaeleoninae

Brookesiinae
  • Brookesia
    • Mt. Amber Pygmy Leaf Chameleon - Brookesia ambreensis
    • Brookesia antakarana
    • Brookesia bekolosy
    • Blanc's Leaf Chameleon. - Brookesia betschi
    • Brookesia bonsi
    • Brygoo's Chameleon - Brookesia brygooi
    • Spiny Leaf Chameleon - Brookesia decaryi
    • Brookesia dentata
    • Northern Leaf Chameleon - Brookesia ebenaui
    • Brookesia exarmata
    • Brookesia griveaudi
    • Naturelle Leaf Chameleon - Brookesia karchei
    • Fito Leaf Chameleon - Brookesia lambertoni
    • Brookesia lineata
    • Brookesia lolontany
    • Minute Leaf Chameleon - Brookesia minima
    • Elongate Leaf Chameleon - Brookesia nasus
      • Brookesia nasus nasus
      • Brookesia nasus pauliani
    • Antsingy Leaf Chameleon - Brookesia perarmata
    • Peyrieras' Leaf Chameleon - Brookesia peyrierasi
    • Plated Leaf Chameleon - Brookesia stumpffi
    • Brown Leaf Chameleon - Brookesia superciliaris
    • Perinet Leaf Chameleon - Brookesia therezieni
    • Domergue's Leaf Chameleon - Brookesia thieli
    • Brookesia tuberculata
    • Iaraka River Leaf Chameleon - Brookesia vadoni
    • Raxworthy's Leaf Chameleon - Brookesia valerieae
  • Rieppeleon
    • Beardless Pygmy Chameleon - Rieppeleon brachyurus
    • Bearded Pygmy Chameleon - Rieppeleon brevicaudatus
    • Kenya Pygmy Chameleon - Rieppeleon kerstenii
      • Rieppeleon kerstenii kerstenii
      • Rieppeleon kerstenii robecchii
  • Rhampholeon
    • Rhampholeon acuminatus
    • Rhampholeon beraduccii
    • Boulenger's Pygmy Chameleon - Rhampholeon boulengeri
    • Rhampholeon chapmanorum
    • Marshall's Pygmy Chameleon - Rhampholeon marshalli
    • Rhampholeon moyeri
    • Pitless Pygmy Chameleon - Rhampholeon nchisiensis
    • Rhampholeon platyceps
      • Rhampholeon platyceps platyceps
      • Rhampholeon platyceps carri
    • Spectral Pygmy Chameleon - Rhampholeon spectrum
    • Rosette-Nosed Chameleon - Rhampholeon spinosus
    • Usambara Pitted Pygmy Chameleon - Rhampholeon temporalis
    • Uluguru Pygmy Chameleon - Rhampholeon uluguruensis
    • Rhampholeon viridis
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