return to main index

  mobile - desktop
follow us on facebook follow us on twitter follow us on YouTube link to us on LinkedIn
 
click here for Reptile SuperShow
Mealworms, Crickets, Dubia, More...
Available Now at New York Worms!
Locate a business by name: click to list your business
search the classifieds. buy an account
events by zip code list an event
Search the forums             Search in:
News & Events: Herp Photo of the Day: Happy Earth Day! . . . . . . . . . .  Herp Photo of the Day: Happy Rattlesnake Friday! . . . . . . . . . .  Chicago Herpetological Society Meeting - April 24, 2019 . . . . . . . . . .  ReptiCon Costa Mesa - Apr. 26-28, 2019 . . . . . . . . . .  Bay Area Amph. and Reptile Society Meeti - April 26 , 2019 . . . . . . . . . .  Suncoast Herp Society Meeting - April 27, 2019 . . . . . . . . . .  ReptiCon Gulfport - Apr. 27-28, 2019 . . . . . . . . . .  ReptiCon Chattanooga - Apr. 27-28, 2019 . . . . . . . . . .  Hamburg Reptile Show - Apr. 27, 2019 . . . . . . . . . .  Central Illinois Herp Society Meeting - May 02, 2019 . . . . . . . . . .  Calusa Herp Society Meeting - May 02, 2019 . . . . . . . . . .  ReptiCon New Port Richey - May 04-05, 2019 . . . . . . . . . . 
kingsnake.com - Reptile & Amphibian Encylopedia
"Indian Python"

Indian Python. (2007, September 12). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 18:25, January 2, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Indian_Python&oldid=157476003

Python molurus is a large non-venomous python species found in many tropic and subtropic areas of Southern- and Souteast Asia. It is known by the common names Indian python,[2] black-tailed python,[3] and Indian rock python. Two subspecies are currently recognized: the nominat subspecies (Python m. molurus) and the Burmese Python (Python m. bivittatus). The nominate subspecies mainly described here is limited to Southern Asia, is generally lighter colored than the Burmese Python and reaches usually 3 metres (9.8 ft)[4].

Indian python,[2] black-tailed python,[3] Indian rock python, light phase Asian rock python.[5][6] Referred to as "Ajgar" in Hindi.

The color pattern is whitish or yellowish with the blotched patterns varying from shades of tan to dark brown. This varies with terrain and habitat. Specimens from the hill forests of Western Ghats and Assam are darker, while those from the Deccan Plateau and East Coast are usually lighter.[7]

In Pakistan, Indian Pythons commonly reach a length of 2.4 - 3 metres.[8] In India, the nominate subspecies grows to 3 metres (9.8 ft) on average [4][7] This value is supported by a study in Keoladeo National Park, where 1990 the biggest 25 % of the python population was 2.7 - 3.3 metres long. Only two specimen even measured nearly 3.6 metres (12 ft). [9] Because of confusion with the Burmese Python, exaggerations and stretched skins in the past, the maximum length of this subspecies is hard to tell. The longest scientifically recorded specimen hailed from Pakistan and was 4.6 metres (15 ft) in length and weighing 52 kilograms (115 lb).[8]

The nominate subspecies is found in Pakistan, India, Assam, Sri Lanka, southern Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and probably in the north of Myanmar.[10]

Occurs in a wide range of habitats, including grasslands, swamps, marshes, rocky foothills, woodlands, "open" jungle and river valleys. They depend on a permanent source of water.[11] Sometimes they can be found in abandoned mammal burrows, hollow trees, dense water reeds and mangrove thickets.[7]

Lethargic and slow moving even in its native habitat, they exhibit little timidity and rarely try to escape even when attacked. Locomotion is usually rectilinear, with the body moving in a straight line. They are very good swimmers and are quite at home in water. They can be wholly submerged in water for many minutes if necessary, but usually prefer to remain near the bank.

These snakes feed on mammals, birds and reptiles indiscriminately, but seem to prefer mammals. Roused to activity on sighting prey, the snake will advance with quivering tail and lunge with open mouth. Live prey is constricted and killed. One or two coils are used to hold it in a tight grip. The prey, unable to breathe, succumbs and is subsequently swallowed head first. After a heavy meal, they are disinclined to move. If forced to, hard parts of the meal may tear through the body. Therefore, if disturbed, some specimens will disgorge their meal in order to escape from potential predators. After a heavy meal, an individual may fast for weeks; the longest recorded duration being 2 years. The python can swallow prey bigger than its size because the jaw bones are not connected. Morever the prey cannot escape from its mouth because of unique arrangement of the teeth( which is reverse saw like). So far there have been no authentic cases of a human being eaten by this species.[5]

Oviparous,ji to 100 eggs are laid, protected and incubated by the female.[11] Towards this end, it has been shown that they are capable of raising their body temperature above the ambient level through muscular contractions.[12] The hatchlings are 45-60 cm (18-24 in) in length and grow quickly.[11]

These snakes have often been killed for their fine skin and are endangered. They are now partly protected by the Tamil Nadu Government. In Kerala and Tamil Nadu, the meat is eaten by locals as the fat is purported to have medicinal value. The Indian Python is classified as Lower Risk/Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (v2.3, 1996).[13] This listing indicates that it may become threatened with extinction and is in need of frequent reassessment.[14]

In the literature, one other subspecies may be encountered: P. m. pimbura (Deraniyagala, 1945), which is found in Sri Lanka.

Head scalation.

Skeleton.

Head

http://www.srilankareptile.com/Serpentes/Species.php

Indian Python. (2007, September 12). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 18:25, January 2, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Indian_Python&oldid=157476003

This article has been read 316 times.
Sponsored Link
Click here for LLL Reptile & Supply
advertise here

New & Updated Business Listings

Looking for a reptile or amphibian related business? A reptile store, breeder, importer, maunfacturer or supplier? Our business directory lists some of the most popluar herp businesses in the world.
Locate a reptile or amphibian business by name:
New
• Reptile Family Expo Lebanon...
• Backwater Reptiles
• ReptMart
• CrestedGeckos.com
• IndoReptile.com
• Jungle Bob's Reptile World
• FlChams
• Patrick Flanigan, Esquire -...
•  Pittsburgh Reptile Show & ...
• Reptile Encounters - Austra...
Updated
• Exotic Pets Las Vegas
• Northwest Zoological Supply
• FlChams
• Leopardgecko.com - Ron Trem...
• Trempers Lizard Ranch
• LLLReptile and Supply San D...
• LLLReptile and Supply Menif...
• LLLReptile and Supply Las V...
• LLLReptile and Supply Escon...
• LLL Reptile and Supply Oce...
list your business on kingsnake.com

Banner Pool

Click here for Bion Terrarium Center
$100.year special flat rate banner! - click for info


  Search reptile or amphibian businesses by keyword:   search the classifieds. buy an account
state/province law database
search the forums.
search in: