follow us on facebook follow us on twitter follow us on YouTube link to us on LinkedIn
 
click here for Reptiles By Mack
Professional Cages & Rack Systems
Made in the USA - Freedom Breeder
Locate a business by name: click to list your business
search the classifieds. buy an account
events by zip code list an event
Search the forums             Search in:
News & Events: Herp Photo of the Day: Rattlesnake Friday! . . . . . . . . . .  Herp Photo of the Day: Pine Snake . . . . . . . . . .  Minnesota Herp Society Meeting - Dec. 02, 2016 . . . . . . . . . .  ReptiDay Winston-Salem - Dec. 03, 2016 . . . . . . . . . .  ReptiCon Orlando - Dec. 03-04, 2016 . . . . . . . . . .  Jacksonville Herp Society Meeting - Dec. 03, 2016 . . . . . . . . . .  Hamburg Reptile Show - Dec. 03, 2016 . . . . . . . . . .  Southern Nevada Herp Society Meeting - Dec. 04, 2016 . . . . . . . . . .  Hampton Roads Reptile Expo - Dec. 04, 2016 . . . . . . . . . .  SHS Los Angeles Meeting - Dec. 07, 2016 . . . . . . . . . .  Greater Cincinnati Herp Society Meeting - Dec 07, 2016 . . . . . . . . . .  Turtle & Tortoise Club - Clearwater - Me - Dec. 10, 2016 . . . . . . . . . . 


full banner - advertise here $.50/1000 views year
click here for Helix Controls
pool banner - $25 year
Red Milk Snake
Lampropeltis triangulum syspila

Size:
  • Hatchling: 6 - 8.5 in.
  • Adult: 18 - 28 in.(normal) 42 in.(record)

Scalation:
  • Dorsal: 21 rows
  • Ventral: 170 - 212
  • Sub caudal: 37 - 51
  • Infra labial:8 - 10
  • Supra labial: 7
  • Anal Plate: Single

Photo courtesy Troy Hibbitts
click to enlarge

Written by Matt Ingrasci

Coloration
A richly colored tri-colored Milksnake with wide red rings borderd in black on a whitish background.

Head:
Head pattern varies greatly; in most animals the head is marked by a large red blotch--edged in black. The snout, labials, and chin are cream colored with black at the sutures. A pair of supraocular light spots infringe on the red dorsally; sometimes the spots connect to form a narrow, light-colored crossband which transects the red.

Dorsal:
The body pattern also varies; typically display from 19-30 crimson, red-brown, or rust colored dorsal saddles margined with black. The ground color varies between white, gray, cream, and tan. Dorsal blotches extend ventrally to the second or first scale rows, occasionally reaching the sides of the ventrals. A row of lateral spots occurs ventrolaterally; this row may be prominent on some specimens while almost absent on others. The black spots usually contain red centers, but not always. On the tail, the dorsal blotches extend onto the venter, becoming rings that number 4 to 8. The young exhibit the adult pattern but often display brighter colors.

Ventral:
The ventral scales are marked white with a varying amount of black checkerboard. Red is absent in most specimens.

Range:
Eastern Kansas through Missouri, so. Illinois, sw. Indiana, Kentucky and w. Tennessee. From so. Iowa south into n. Arkansas.

Habitat:
Red milks have been taken in a variety of situations. Bluffs, timbered ledges, and south-facing rocky hillsides seem to produce these snakes in numbers; cedar glades have proven especially productive as well. These snakes can often be taken under tin or other miscellaneous rubbish in outlying areas as the snakes move away from hibernacula in search of food. Frequently, red milks live in association with ringnecks and worm snakes.

Prey:
In the wild, red milks feed on skinks (Eumeces, Scincella), fence lizards (Sceloporus), worm snakes (Carphophis), earth snakes (Virginia), and various rodents. Prey is killed by constriction. Lizards appear to make up the major part of the diet along with rodents; snakes seem to be taken less frequently. In captivity, red milks will usually accept a diet of mice though an occasional specimen will insist on eating only lizards. Various techniques, such as scenting, should persuade any problem feeders to take more readily available prey items. .

Behavior:
The activity period for red milks begins in early to mid-April and tapers off in October with most activity occurring in April, May, and September. Red milks have seldom been taken during the hottest part of the season. Breeding occurs in spring; gravid females lay from 1-12 eggs in June and July. Hatching takes place mid-August through September. For the most part, red milks lead a subterranean lifestyle and have rarely been found out in the open. Especially in rocky areas, the snakes utilize an underground network of cracks, crevices, and animal burrows; they come to the surface to feed and thermoregulate under sun-baked rocks.

Breeding:
Red milks should be kept like other temperate triangulum and have no special requirements. Due to their secretive nature, providing a means of security (hide box) is encouraged. Specimens do well in captivity; wild caught adults acclimate fairly easily, though some never become consistent feeders even when treated for parasites. The notoriously small hatchlings have a reputation for being difficult to feed. A pinkie pump or similar tube-feeding device becomes an indispensable tool (along with patience) as often the smaller snakes cannot take even a newborn mouse. For this reason these beautiful snakes have been neglected in mainstream herpetoculture--where their larger, more hardy cousins predominate. Captive breeding presents no challenges over other triangulum; successful propagation requires a brumation period of approximately three and a half months.

Literature Cited:
Stebbins,Robert C. 1985 second editition revised. A field guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians. Houghton Mifflin Company


Wyandotte County, Kansas
Photo by Kirk Setser
Click to Enlarge

Jefferson County, Missouri
Photo by Kirk Setser
Click to Enlarge
Sponsored Link
Click here for LLL Reptile & Supply
advertise here
New & Updated Business Listings
Looking for a reptile or amphibian related business? A reptile store, breeder, importer, maunfacturer or supplier? Our business directory lists some of the most popluar herp businesses in the world.
Locate a reptile or amphibian business by name:
New
• Xtreme Exotics
• Tortoise Town
• Jungle Bob's Reptile World
• Black Pearl Reptiles
• Dubi Deli
• Serpentine Obsessions
• Best Exotics LLC
• New York Worms
• Pittsburgh Reptile Show & S...
• Boas Peru
Updated
• JB Leopard Geckos
• California Zoological Suppl...
• Reptiles By Mack
• Pittsburgh Reptile Show & S...
• All-Maryland Reptile Shows
• Fredericksburg Reptile Expo
• Maryland Reptile Farm
• Northern Virginia Reptile E...
• Richmond Reptile Expo
• Xtreme Exotics
list your business on kingsnake.com

Recent Milk Snake Forum Forum Posts
• Wanted: Black Milk Snake (gaigeae), posted by LawsonHopper
• southern Honduras L.t. stuarti..., posted by sballard
• South American Milksnake Hatchlings, posted by nategodin
• Coyuca de Benitez locality..., posted by sballard
• Central Nicaraguan high yellow..., posted by sballard
• San Antonio Zoo line gaigeae hatching..., posted by sballard
• Honduran Behaving unusally, posted by JoyDjinn
• R.I.P Milkman-, posted by rodneyj
• Extreme Hypo Honduran gene, posted by MarcB
• hondos, posted by scotty44
• Honfos, posted by Scotty44
• Milk Spends all her time in the water di, posted by arcone_a
• Wanted: Honduran Milk Snakes, posted by johnjohn15
• Young Milk Snake Shedding Frequency, posted by arcone_a
• My new gentilis, posted by gerryg

Recent Milk Snake Classifieds:
- Very large yearling Hall...
- Double and possibly trip...
- FREER TX LOCALE ALBINO A...
- 2014 Striped Mexican Mil...
- 2013 Transformer Annulat...
- Pueblan Milks
- 2016 C B Oreo Pueblan Mi...
- 2016 C B Oreo Pueblan Mi...
- Hypo Honduran Milksnake ...
- 2016 Extreme Hypo Hondur...
- 2016 VP Ghost Honduran m...
- 2015 Tangerine Albino pa...
- Young adult male Hypoery...
- Hatchling Sinaloan Milks...
- Young CB female Eastern ...

Banner Pool
click here for The Turtle Source
$100.year special flat rate banner! - click for info