Click here for LLL Reptile & Supply
NEW! Text Ad! Your Text Ad Here!
contact for details
Locate a business by name: click to list your business
search the classifieds. buy an account
reptile events by zip code list an event
News & Events: Günther's racer: The tiny athlete . . . . . . . . . .  ReptiDay Kansas City - Apr. 25, 2015 . . . . . . . . . .  ReptiDay Fort Pierce - Apr. 25, 2015 . . . . . . . . . .  Hamburg Reptile Show - Apr. 25, 2015 . . . . . . . . . .  American Frog Day - April 25, 2015 . . . . . . . . . .  ReptiDay Ft. Myers - May 2, 2015 . . . . . . . . . .  Repticon Greenville - May 02-03, 2015 . . . . . . . . . .  Northern Virginia Reptile Expo - May 02, 2015 . . . . . . . . . .  ReptiDay Sarasota - May 9, 2015 . . . . . . . . . .  ReptiDay Bristol VA - May 09, 2015 . . . . . . . . . .  Indiana Reptile Show - May 9, 2015 . . . . . . . . . . 
follow us on facebook follow us on twitter follow us on YouTube link to us on LinkedIn follow us on kingsnake connect

click to return to index

full banner - advertise here $.50/1000 views year
click here for Rodent Pro
pool banner - $25 year
Utah Mountain Kingsnake
Lampropeltis pyromelana infralabialis

  • Hatchling: 8-11 in.
  • Adult: up to 45 in.(normal)
    57.75 in.Southern Utah specimens tend to be larger than central
    and southern Arizona specimens (Bartholomew, pers. Comm.)

  • Dorsal: 21 - 23
  • Ventral: 213 - 230
  • Sub caudal: 59 - 79
  • Infra labial:10
  • Supra labial: 9
  • Anal Plate: Single

Washington County, Utah
Photo by Breck Bartholomew
Written by Hans F. Koenig
A tri-colored snake with orange or red, white or yellow and black rings.

Face is white, with a distinct black mask, the first white ring encircles the head, starting behind the mask.

Generally there are 42 to 57 white rings on the body and 9 to 10 on the tail. Utah specimens are quite variable. In general, they tend to be darker than Arizona specimens and have more black rings that widen across the red rings dorsally (Bartholomew, pers. Comm.).

Fifty percent or more of the white body rings extend unbroken across the belly (Stebbins, 1966). Infralabials 9-9 (Tanner, 1953).

This subspecies ranges from Arizona north of the Colorado River on the Arizona Strip through central Utah and eastern Nevada where they are confined to Water and Sawmill Canyons in the Egan Range. The author has examined specimens from The North Rim Grand Canyon National Park, Coconino Co., AZ., Mohave Co., AZ., Egan Range, White Pine Co., NV. and Washington Co., UT. Distribution spotty (Stebbins, 1966)

Utah Mountain kingsnakes frequent pinyon-juniper woodland and chaparral to the pine-fir belt (Stebbins, 1966). In Utah, they have been found in sagebrush , Ponderosa pine and Douglas fir plant communities (Bartholomew, pers. Comm.). One specimen examined by the author was found at 7,200' Mohave Co., AZ. The habitat was characterized by Ponderosa pine, sagebrush and New Mexico locust. There were no streams or permanent water sources in the area. The area was rocky with extensive south-facing rockslides. Utah Mountain kings have been recorded from 2,800' to 9,100' elevation . They are typically found near water and rocky areas.

Primarliy lizards and small rodents, they are opportunistic feeders and will probably take nestling birds as well.

In his field research on the Utah Mountain Kingsnake, Breck Bartholomew surgically planted tiny radio transmitters in two specimens and monitored their activity. Bartholomew noted that these specimens spent most of their time underground. They preferred relatively cool temperatures: 18-22 degrees C.When basking on the surface, they often remained well-hidden by undergrowth.

Utah Mountain Kingsnakes should be kept like other pyromelana and have no special requirements. Specimens are seldom seen in captivity, due to the fact that they are are protected throughout much of their range. For this reason these beautiful snakes have been relatively unknown in mainstream herpetoculture and little is known of their breeding in captivity or in the wild. Successful propagation probably requires a brumation period of approximately three and a half months.

A description of the subspecies Lampropeltis pyromelana infralabialis was first published by Tanner in 1953. Tanner recognized 4 color patterns or subspecies:

L. pyromelana infralabialis, L. pyromelana knoblochi, L. pyromelana pyromelana and L. pyromelana woodini. (Wright & Wright, 1957).

Tanner based the classification of the Utah Mountain kingsnake on the 9 lower labial scales in infralabialis compared to 10 in p. pyromelana and the 50 percent or more white rings extending unbroken across the belly (infralabialis) versus 50 percent or less of the white rings extending unbroken across the belly (p. pyromelana). Bartholomew (unpublished data) found that most but not all of the Utah specimens had the distinctive labial scale count. A taxonomic review of Lampropeltis pyromelana may determine the subspecies infralabialis to be invalid. Until then, this subspecies is still recognized.

In recent years, there have been reports of intergrades between L. p. infralabialis and the Utah Milksnake L. triangulum taylori occurring naturally in northern Utah. During his fieldwork, Bartholomew examined some of these reported intergrades and found them to be neither intergrades nor new subspecies. Instead, he concluded that the deviation in patterns exhibited by these taylori and infralabialis was a result of the "edge of range" effect and not from hybridization as had been previously reported. The "edge of range" effect is noted in individuals of a species or subspecies that occupy the outer most extent of their ranges.

Utah Mountain Kingsnakes are state-protected in Utah and Nevada and may not be collected. They are also illegal to collect in National Parks. In Arizona, mountain kingsnakes can be collected outside the boundaries of National Parks and National Monuments with a valid Arizona Hunting license.

Literature Cited:
Bartholomew, Breck. Personal Communication. 1997.

Stebbins,Robert C. 1966. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, MA.

Wright, A.H. and A.A 1957. Handbook of Snakes of the United States and Canada. Vol. 1. Comstock Publishing Associates. Ithaca, N.Y.

Sponsored Link

advertise here

Herp Events

Reptile and amphibian expos, symposiums, zoo and museum exhibitions and other educational events are great places to ask questions, get answers and network with other herp keepers.
Upcoming Reptile and Amphibian Events:
Submit a non-profit event - Purchase a commercial listing

Photo Gallery

Our gallery allows registered users to upload their favorite reptile and amphibian photos to the topic galleries and personal photos to the member galleries. Photos can be used on our forums, classifieds, and Connect, or shared with friends and family.

more photos   upload a photo



Looking for a reptile or amphibian related business? A reptile store, breeder, importer, maunfacturer or supplier? Our business directory lists some of the most popluar herp businesses in the world.
Locate a reptile or amphibian business by name:
 - Steel City Reptile Expo
 - Reptilinks Whole Prey
 - Xtreme Exotics
 - Northern Rodents
 - Wicked Leos
 - RepStylin
 - Cold Blooded Encounters
 - Captive Bred Excellence
 - Eden Reptiles
 - Northwest Zoological Supply
 - Living Art Reptiles
 - RepStylin
 - Mice Direct
 - Ralph Davis Reptiles
 - JB Leopard Geckos
 - Helix Controls Inc.
 - Don Stipp Reptiles
list your business on

Connect's Connect is a beta project being developed to let the herp community stay in touch with their friends and fellow hobbyists, keep each other up to date on legislative issues as they develop, and to build and strengthen the herp community network. Registered users of can use it to share photos, links, information, alerts, updates and more.
log in   find connections

Video Gallery

Check out these reptile and amphibian submitted by staff, volunteers, and users of the community. Our system supports videos hosted on YouTube. If you have a favorite YouTube video, please submit it here.

more videos       submit a video

Recent Mountain Kingsnakes Forum Posts
• Santa Barbara habitat shots, posted by markg
• 2014 pyro, posted by markg
• 2014 CB zonata, posted by Ryan_Sikola
• hi, posted by batgirl25
• Knob hatchlings ( L P Chihuahua), posted by mingdurga
• incubator question, posted by oursnakes
• Coast Zonata 2014, posted by zach_mexmilk
• Arizona mountain king, posted by 4dnospolk
• San Mateo Zonata, posted by zach_mexmilk
• Help finish the king & milk snake page!, posted by jeffb
• Mt. Kingsnake blood lines, posted by mwentz
• East coast looking for pyro's, posted by wisema2297
• L.p.woodini, posted by jeffb
• Hello, posted by joshm2311
• Help!, posted by skeetdadpractica

Recent Mountain Kingsnake Classifieds:

Site Tools

Manage - manage your user and advertising accounts
Register For A User Account Click Here
Manage Your User Profile Click Here
Reset Your Password Click Here
Change Your Email Click Here
Manage Your Banner Account/View Stats Click Here
Manage Your Business Directory Listing Click Here
Mark Your Business Directory Listing As Updated Click Here
Manage Your Classified Account Click Here
Post A Classified Advertisement Click Here
Remove A Classified Advertisement Click Here
Purchase - advertising and services purchase quick links
Purchase a classified account$20.00-$85.00Click Here
Renew a classified account$20.00-$85.00Click Here
Upgrade to an enhanced classified$ variesClick Here
Purchase a business directory listing$150 a yearClick Here
Purchase a banner advertisement$ variesClick Here
Purchase a standard event listing$100 a listingClick Here
Pay an open invoice Click Here
Contact the sales department Click Here
Support - help, tips, & resources quick links
Classified Account Terms Of Service Click Here
Classified Help Click Here
Classified Tips Click Here
Classified Complaints Click Here
Banner Ad Help Click Here
DBA Search Click Here
Business Name Registration Verification Click Here
Are you registered? To advertise here using a business name you must have your legal business name registration verified. Click here for details on the program or to register your business FREE!