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"Echis ocellatus"

Echis ocellatus. (2009, December 18). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 14:48, January 27, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Echis_ocellatus&oldid=332535549

Echis ocellatus is a venomous viper species found mainly in West Africa. Named after the distinctive series of "eye-spots" that run the length of its body.[3] No subspecies are currently recognized.[5]

The maximum length is 65 cm, possibly more, while the average length is 30-50 cm.[3]

Found in West Africa from Mauritania, Senegal and Guinea, through, Mali, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, southern Niger and Nigeria. Also found in northern Cameroon and southwestern Chad. the type locality is described as "Haute Volta, Garango, 048 N, 033 W" (Burkina Faso).[1]

There are also reports of single specimens found in the Bangui in the Central African Republic, and in central Sudan. Rarely found north of the 15th parallel, after which E. leucogaster becomes more common. Its range extends to the coast via the Dahomey Gap.[3]

Lays between 6 and 20 eggs, usually at the end of the dry season in February to March. Hatchlings are 10-12 cm in length.

Echis ocellatus. (2009, December 18). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 14:48, January 27, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Echis_ocellatus&oldid=332535549

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