Online Documents

Long, Dave. Sonoran Mountain Kingsnakes, Lampropeltis pyromelana ssp., in Sierra County, New Mexico.
Spiess, Petra. The Sonoran Mountain Kingsnake, Lampropeltis pyromelana pyromelana : Natural History, Captive Care, and Breeding.


Blanchard, Frank N. 1921. A Revision of the King Snakes: Genus Lampropeltis. U.S. Nat. Mus. Bull. (114): vi + 260.

Boulenger, G. A. 1894. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2. London. xi + 382 p.

Brattstrom, B. H. 1954. Amphibians and Reptiles from Gypsum Cave, Nevada. Bull. S. California Acad. Sci. 53(1): 8-12.

Brown, Aurther E. 1901. A Review of the Genera and Species of American Snakes North of Mexico. Proc. Acad. Natur. Sci. Philadelphia 53: 10-110.

Cochran, Doris M. 1961. Type Specimens of Reptiles and Amphibians in the U.S. National Museum. U.S. Nat. Mus. Bull. (220): xv + 291.

Cope, Edward Drinker. 1867 ("1866"). On the Reptilia and Batrachia of the Sonoran Province of the Nearctic region. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 18: 300-314.

---- 1875. Check-list of North American Batrachia and Reptilia; with Systematic List of Higher Groups, and an Essay on Geographical Distribution. Based on Specimens Contained in the U.S. National Museum. U.S. Nat. Mus. Bull. (1): 1-104.

Coues, Elliot. 1875. Synopsis of the Reptiles and Batrachians of Arizona; with Critical and Field Notes, and an Extensive Synonymy, p. 585-633. In Report Upon Geographical and Geological Explorations and Surveys West of the One Hundredth Merdian...Geo. M. Wheeler...Vol. 5, Zoology. Govt. Printing Office, Washington.

Durham, F. E. 1956. Amphibians and Reptiles of the North Rim, Grand Canyon, Arizona. Herpetologica 12: 220-224.

Fowlie, Jack A. 1965. The Snakes of Arizona. Azul Quinta Press, Fallbrook, California. lv + 164 p.

Garman, Samuel. 1884 ("1883"). The Reptiles and Batrachians of North America, Part I, Ophidia. Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool. 8(3): xxxi + 185.

Gehlbach, F. R. 1956. Annoted Records of Southwestern Amphibians and Reptiles. Trans. Kans. Acad. Sci. 59(3): 364-372.

Gloyd, H. K. 1937. A Herpetological Consdieration of Faunal Areas in Southern Arizona. Bull. Chicago. Acad. Sci. 5(5): 79-136.

Hulse, A. C. 1973. Herpetofauna of the Fort Apache Reservation, East Central Arizona. J. Herpetol. 7(3): 275-282.

Linsdale, Jean M. 1940. Amphibians and Reptiles in Nevada. Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sci. 73(8): 197-257.

Nickerson, Max A., and Charles E. Mays. 1970. A Preliminary Herpetofuanal Analysis of the Graham (Pinaleno) Mountain region, Grahamn Co., Arizona with Ecological Comments. Trans. Kanas Acad. Sci. 72(8): 492-505.

Smith, H. M. 1942. Remarks on the Mexican King Snakes of the triangulum Group. Proc. Rochester Acad. Sci. 8: 197-207.

Smith, Matt A. 1998. Pers. Comm.

Stebbins, Robert C. 1966. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians. Houghton Mifflin, Boston. xiv + 297p.

Stejneger, Leonhard. 1902. The Reptiles of the Huachuca Mountains, Arizona. Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 25(1282): 149-158.

----, and Thomas Barbour. 1917. A checklist of North American Amphibians and Reptiles. Harvard Univ. Press. iv + 5-125p.

Tanner, Wilmer W. 1953. A Study of Taxonomy and Phylogeny of Lampropeltis pyromelana Cope. Great Basin Natur. 13(1-2): 47-66.

----, and Douglas Cox. 1981. Reprouction in the Snake Lampropeltis pyromelana. Great Basin Natur. 41(3): 314-316.

----, and Richard B. Loomis. 1957. A Taxonomic and Distributional Study of the Western Subpecies of the Milk Snake, Lampropeltis doliata. Trans. Kansas Acad. Sci. 60(1): 12-42.

Taylor, Edward H. 1940. A New Lampropeltis from Western Mexico. Copeia 1940(4): 253-255.

Van Denburgh, John. 1896. A List of Some Reptiles from Southeastern Arizona, With a Description of a New Species of Cnemidophorus. Proc. Califorina Acad. Sci. (ser. 2) 6: 338-349.

---- 1922. The Reptiles of Western North America. Vol. 2, Snakes and Turtles. Occas. Pap. California Acad. Sci. (10): 615-1028.

----, and J. R. Slevin. 1913. A List of the Reptiles and Amphibians of Arizona, With Notes on the Species in the Collection of the Academy. Proc. California Acad. Sci. (ser. 4) 3: 391-454.

Van Devender, Thomas R., and Charles H. Lowe. 1977. Amphibians and Reptiles of the Yepomera, Chihuahua, Mexico. J. Herpetol. 11(1): 41-50.

----, and R.D. Worthington. 1978. The Herpetofuana of Howell's Ridge Cave and the Paleoecology of the Northwestern Chihuahuan Desert. U.S. Dept. Interior. Nat. Park Serv. Trans. Proc. Ser. (3): 85-106.

Woodin, William H. 1953. Notes on Some Reptiles from the Huachuca Area of Southern Arizona. Bull. Chicago. Acad. Sci. 9(15): 285-296.

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